Landscape, Study of Clouds - Xavier de Cock

Landscape, Study of Clouds

Xavier de COCK
(Ghent 1818 - Deurle 1896)

Oil on paper laid down on cardboard
H. 310 mm; W. 240 mm
Signed lower left: Xavier de Cock
Monogrammed lower right: X. D. C.
Inscribed 60 upper right and 12 lower right

Date: ca. 1840

Provenance: Private collection, Belgium

Son of a tailor, Xavier de Cock and his brother César lived a difficult period after the early death of their father. He followed lessons at the academy from 1830 to 1835. Thanks to the financial assistance of a cloth merchant, he was then able to complete his training in Antwerp. He debuted at the triennial exhibition in Antwerp in 1837. Until 1845, he repeatedly sent his work to the official Belgian exhibitions and became a known artist in Ghent. In 1852, Xavier de Cock travelled to Normandy via Paris and visited Barbizon for the first time. From 1860 onwards, de Cock spent his winters in Paris and his summers in Deurle. He had become a prominent painter in Belgium and abroad; thus he was received at the Paris exhibition as a celebrated landscape painter from Barbizon. After 1865, Xavier preferred Belgian artistic life and exhibited frequently at the exhibitions in Antwerp, Brussels and Ghent. In 1862 the Ghent Museum for the Fine Arts purchased De Meersstraat.

Under the influence of Jean-François Millet and the Barbizon artists, he worked from nature, on the spot. In his paintings, the rich gradations of the foliage in the background, from yellow and green to brown, and his concern of the treatment of light and shadow reveals, however, a Northern artist.

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